Single-phase motors:Equivalent Circuit of a Single-phase Induction Motor–Without Core Loss and Equivalent Circuit–With Core Loss

Equivalent Circuit of a Single-phase Induction Motor–Without Core Loss

A single-phase motor may be looked upon as consisting of two motors, having a common stator winding, but with their respective rotors revolving in opposite directions. The equivalent circuit of such a motor based on double-field revolving theory is shown in Fig. 36.14. Here, the single- phase motor has been imagined to be made-up of (i) one stator winding and (ii) two imaginary rotors. The stator impedance is Z = R1 + j X1. The impedance of each rotor is (r2 + jx2) where r2 and x2 represent half the actual rotor values in stator terms (i.e. x2 stands for half the standstill reactance of the rotor, as referred to stator). Since iron loss has been neglected, the exciting branch is shown consisting of exciting reactance only. Each rotor has been assigned half the magnetising reactance* (i.e xm represents half the actual reactance). The

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and it runs with a slip of s. The impedance of ‘backward’ running rotor is

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Equivalent Circuit–With Core Loss

The core loss can be represented by an equivalent resistance which may be connected either in parallel or in series with the magnetising reactance as shown in Fig. 36.15.

Since under running conditions V f is very high (and V b is correspondingly, low) most of the iron loss takes place in the ‘forward motor’ consisting of the common stator and forward-running rotor. Core-loss current Iw = core loss / V f. Hence, half value of core-loss equivalent resistance is rc = V f / Iw. As shown in Fig. 36.15 (a), rc has been connected in parallel with xm in each rotor.

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Tutorial Problem No. 36.1.

1. A 1-f, induction motor has stator windings in space quadrature and is supplied with a single-phase voltage of 200 V at 50 Hz. The standstill impedance of the main winding is (5.2 + j 10.1) and of the auxiliary winding is (19.7 + j 14.2). Find the value of capitance to be inserted in the auxiliary winding for maximum starting torque.

 (Electrical Machines-III, Indore Univ. July, 1977)

2. A 230-V, 50-Hz, 6-pole, single-phase induction motor has the following constants.

r1 = 0.12 W, r2 = 0.14 W, x1 = x2 = 0.25 W, xm = 15 W.

If the core loss is 250 W and friction and windage losses are 500 W, determine the efficiency and torque at s = 0.05.

(Electrical Machines-IV, Bangalore Univ. Aug. 1978)

3. Explain how the pulsating mmf of a single-phase induction motor may be considered equivalent to two oppositely-rotating fields. Develop an expression for the torque of the motor.

A 125-W, 4-pole, 110-V, 50-Hz single-phase induction motor has the no-load rotational loss of 25 watts and total rotor copper loss at rated load of 25 watts at a slip of 0.06. The rotor I2R loss may be neglected.

At a slip s = 0.06, what is the power input to the machine ?

(Electrical Machines-III, Indore Univ. July 1977)

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Ahmed Farahat is EECS engineer With 18 years of experience in the field he worked on different technological discipline and and had honored Post Graduate Diploma In Computer Science And Engineering

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