Forward-re verse control: Developing a Wiring Diagram and Reversing Single-Phase Split-Phase Motors

Developing a Wiring Diagram

The same basic procedure is used to develop a wiring diagram from the schematic as was followed in the previous chapters. The components needed to construct

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this circuit are shown in Figure 29–10. In this example, assume that two contactors and a separate three-phase overload relay are to be used.

The first step is to place wire numbers on the schematic diagram. A suggested numbering sequence is shown in Figure 29–11. The next step is to place the wire numbers beside the corresponding components of the wiring diagram (Figure 29–12).

Reversing Single-Phase Split-Phase Motors

To reverse the direction of rotation of a single-phase split-phase motor, either the starting winding leads or running winding leads, but not both, are inter- changed. A schematic diagram of a forward-reverse control for a single-phase split-phase motor is shown in Figure 29–13. Notice that the control section is the same as that used for reversing three-phase motors. In this example, run winding lead T1 will always be connected to L1, and T4 will always be connected to L2. The start winding leads, however, will be changed. When the forward contactor is energized, start winding lead T5 will be connected to L1, and T8 will be connected to L2. When the reverse contactor is energized, start winding lead T5 will be connected to L2, and T8 will be connected to L1.

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Review Questions

1. How can the direction of rotation of a three-phase motor be changed?

2. What is interlocking?

3. Referring to the schematic shown in Figure 29–7, how would the circuit operate if the normally closed R contact connected in series with F coil were connected normally open?

4. What would be the danger, if any, if the circuit were wired as stated in question 3?

5. How would the circuit operate if the normally closed auxiliary contacts were connected so that F contact was connected in series with F coil,

and R contact was connected in series with R coil, Figure 29–7?

6. Assume that the circuit shown in Figure 29–7 were to be connected as shown in Figure 29–14. In what way would the operation of the circuit be different, if at all?

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Ahmed Farahat is EECS engineer With 18 years of experience in the field he worked on different technological discipline and and had honored Post Graduate Diploma In Computer Science And Engineering

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